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Newswise: The ocean is becoming too loud for oysters
Release date: 24-Jul-2024 1:05 AM EDT
The ocean is becoming too loud for oysters
University of Adelaide

Baby oysters rely on natural acoustic cues to settle in specific environments, but new research from the University of Adelaide reveals that noise from human activity is interfering with this critical process.

Newswise: Protect the child, save the adult: An opportunity to cut welfare costs by nearly 40%
Released: 23-Jul-2024 10:05 PM EDT
Protect the child, save the adult: An opportunity to cut welfare costs by nearly 40%
University of South Australia

New research* from the University of South Australia shows that people who have suffered child abuse or neglect are three times more likely to access government income support payments in early adulthood, underlining the costly and long-term effects of adverse early life experiences.

Newswise: Butterflies accumulate enough static electricity to attract pollen without contact, new research finds
22-Jul-2024 3:05 AM EDT
Butterflies accumulate enough static electricity to attract pollen without contact, new research finds
University of Bristol

Butterflies and moths collect so much static electricity whilst in flight, that pollen grains from flowers can be pulled by static electricity across air gaps of several millimetres or centimetres.

Newswise: A New Way to Make Element 116 Opens the Door to Heavier Atoms
Released: 23-Jul-2024 5:00 PM EDT
A New Way to Make Element 116 Opens the Door to Heavier Atoms
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Researchers at Berkeley Lab’s 88-Inch Cyclotron successfully made superheavy element 116 using a beam of titanium-50. That milestone sets the team up to attempt making the heaviest element yet: 120.

Newswise: Using AI, CIPHER bird flu study shows greater antibody evasion in newer H5N1 strains
Released: 23-Jul-2024 3:05 PM EDT
Using AI, CIPHER bird flu study shows greater antibody evasion in newer H5N1 strains
University of North Carolina at Charlotte

University of North Carolina at Charlotte scholars have found evidence that the latest variants of H5N1 influenza — commonly known as avian or bird flu — are better at evading antibodies, including those of humans, than previous iterations of the virus.

   
Newswise: Legalized Gambling Increases Irresponsible Betting Behavior, Especially Among Low-Income Populations
Released: 23-Jul-2024 2:05 PM EDT
Legalized Gambling Increases Irresponsible Betting Behavior, Especially Among Low-Income Populations
University of California San Diego

In a first-of-its-kind study from the University of California San Diego Rady School of Management, researchers have identified comprehensive insights into the positive and negative impacts of online gambling legalization on tax revenue and gambling behaviors in the U.S.

Newswise: Mini lungs make major COVID-19 discoveries possible
Released: 23-Jul-2024 2:05 PM EDT
Mini lungs make major COVID-19 discoveries possible
Sanford Burnham Prebys

Scientists at Sanford Burnham Prebys, University of California San Diego and their international collaborators have reported that more types of lung cells can be infected by SARS-CoV-2 than previously thought, including those without known viral receptors.

Newswise: Nonlinear Encoding in Diffractive Optical Processors Based on Linear Materials
Released: 23-Jul-2024 11:05 AM EDT
Nonlinear Encoding in Diffractive Optical Processors Based on Linear Materials
Chinese Academy of Sciences

Researchers explored nonlinear information encoding in diffractive processors based on linear materials. They revealed that simpler-to-implement phase encoding matches the accuracy of data repetition strategies across various test datasets. While data repetition-based diffractive blocks cannot provide optical analogs to fully-connected or convolutional layers employed in digital neural networks, they are effective in enhancing inference accuracy. This research provides insights into the interplay between linear material-based diffractive systems and nonlinear encoding strategies in visual information processors.

Newswise: New Research Identifies Less Invasive Method for Examining Brain Activity Following Traumatic Brain Injury
Released: 23-Jul-2024 11:05 AM EDT
New Research Identifies Less Invasive Method for Examining Brain Activity Following Traumatic Brain Injury
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Johns Hopkins Medicine researchers have published new research that reports on a potential alternative and less-invasive approach to measure intracranial pressure (ICP) in patients.

Released: 23-Jul-2024 11:05 AM EDT
Study Evaluates Treatment Interventions for Severe Obesity in Adolescents
Ann and Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago

Adolescents with severe obesity who received meal-replacement therapy plus financial incentives experienced a greater reduction in body mass index compared to those who received meal replacement therapy alone, according to recent findings published in JAMA Pediatrics. Justin Ryder, PhD, Vice Chair of Research for the Department of Surgery at Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago and Associate Professor of Surgery and Pediatrics at Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, was a co-author of the study.


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